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Research Areas

Priority will be given in the academic year 2021/2022 (thirty-seventh cycle) to the following disciplinary domains:

Transformation of work, innovation and business models

The digital transformation of companies and work and the development of Industry 4.0 entail a radical transformation not only of technology, but also of the structure and dynamics of work, company organization and business models. This is leading to the changes in the skills required in production, commercial and service processes, giving rise to questions about the transformation of professional work and the impact on employment.

In this research area, topics of interest are:

  • effects of digitalization on economic activities, including manufacturing, financial services, and the public administration;
  • organizational assessment tools, with particular attention to human resources and therefore to the development of skills for the transformation of companies and public bodies in an industry 4.0 perspective;
  • innovations in business models: specifically, the need to deal with the physical and digital organization of business models; with particular reference to the socio-economic impact of the use of new assisted driving technologies in the automotive sector, sustainable mobility and the growth strategies of innovative start-ups;
  • impact of digital platforms in the value creation process, with implications for the reorganization of large sectors of economic activity;
  • legal aspects relating to remote or agile work associated with new technologies, including the issues of safety and employment relations (redundancies and technological unemployment, vocational retraining and relocation of workers, social safety nets, union action);
  • transnational mobility of businesses and work

Project coordinators: Prof. Tommaso Fabbri, Prof. Gianluca Marchi and Prof. Giovanni Solinas.

Working group: Prof. Tommaso Fabbri (Organization and Human Resources), Prof. Gianluca Marchi (Marketing and Innovation), Prof. Bernardo Balboni (Entrepreneurship and Innovation), Prof. Ylenia Curzi (Organization and Human Resources), Prof. Simone Scagliarini (Public Law), Dr Iacopo Senatori (Labour Law and Industrial Relations), Prof. Giovanni Solinas (Industrial Economics and Public Policy Evaluation), Prof. Enrico Giovannetti (Public Policy Evaluation), Dr Livia Di Stefano (post-doctoral researcher in Labour Law), Dr Luca Bonacini (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation), Eng. Silvia Fareri (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation)

SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF PROJECT COORDINATORS

Tommaso Fabbri, Full Professor of Business Organization at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia since January 2018, Director of the Marco Biagi Department of Economics since 2019, Deputy Director of the E4E Doctoral School (Engineering for Economics - Economics for Engineering), scientific coordinator at the Marco Biagi Foundation and faculty member of the Master’s programme in Organization & Human Resource Management at the Bologna Business School. Recent publications: (2018): Digital Work: an organizational perspective, and DigitAgile: The Office in a Mobile Device. Threats and Opportunities for Workers and Companies (with R. Albano, S. Bertolini, T. Parisi, Y. Curzi), in Ales, E., Curzi, Y., Fabbri, T., Rymkevich, O., Senatori, I ., Solinas, G. (Eds), Working in Digital and Smart Organizations - Legal, Economic and Organizational Perspectives on the Digitalization of Labor Relations, Palgrave / MacMillan; Enterprise 4.0: a big game for a (digital & data-driven) HR Manager (with A. Scapolan), and Work autonomy, discretion and control in Industry 4.0 (with Albano and Curzi) in F. Cantoni, G. Mangia (Eds ), HR and Innovation 4.0: Big Match or Pacific Game, Routledge.

Gianluca Marchi, Full Professor of Economics and Business Management at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia. Delegate of the Rector for Public Engagement, Director of the Marco Biagi Department of Economics until 2019. Strategy and Innovation, and Economics and Business Management Lecturer. His studies concern internationalization and business innovation. In the field of innovation, he has dealt with user innovation, product innovation and innovative start-ups. He is the author of numerous publications on these issues, including papers in journals such as Research Policy, Journal of Business Research and Technovation. He is project manager of the Contamination Lab of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, which deals with student entrepreneurship and support for academic start-ups. He is a member of the Academic Advisory Board of the Modena Smart Automotive Area.

Giovanni Solinas, Full Professor of Economic Policy. Director of the EmiliaLab Inter-University Centre (Universities of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio Emilia and Parma, (2014-2017). Vice-President of the National Conference of Directors of the Economic Area (2017-2018). Member of the Research Centres: EmiliaLab and CAPP (Center for the Analysis of Public Policies, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia) Director of the COME (Competences for Manufacturing in Emilia-Romagna) inter-university project proposed by the Departments of Economics of Modena, Reggio Emilia, Parma and Ferrara, through the Centro Interateneo EmiliaLab and funded in July 2017 (Three-year Advanced Skills Plan for research, technology transfer and entrepreneurship). Contact person for the Brodolini Foundation of the survey of vocational training in Italy. Research areas: Industrial Economics, Labour Economics, Policy Evaluation Among his most recent publications with Ales, E., Curzi, Y., Fabbri, T., Rymkevich, O., Senatori, I., (Eds), Working in Digital and Smart Organizations - Legal, Economic and Organizational Perspectives on the Digitalization of Labor Relations, Palgrave Macmillan.

Work organization, executive discretion and performance evaluation in the digital enterprise

The dematerialization and automation of production processes has wide-ranging implications for employment, affecting the organization of individual and team work performance, less subject to traditional space-time constraints and hierarchical chains. These changes have an impact on management and contractual issues, giving rise to unprecedented problems in terms of compliance and self-regulation (unilateral or consensual, at individual and / or collective level) in relation to work design, performance evaluation and employment protection. Performance management. Data-driven (HR) management. 

Project coordinators: Prof. Tommaso Fabbri, Dr Iacopo Senatori

Working group: Prof. Tommaso Fabbri (Work Organization), Prof. Ylenia Curzi (Organization and Human Resources), Dr Iacopo Senatori (Labour Law and Industrial Relations), Prof. Tindara Addabbo (Labour Economics), Prof. Gianluca Marchi (Marketing and Innovation), Prof. Alberto Levi (Labour Law), Prof. Edoardo Ales (Labour Law), Dr Chiara Gaglione (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation), Dr Ilaria Purificato (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation)

External faculty: Prof. Rüdiger Krause (Georg-August Universität, Goettingen, Germany)

SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF PROJECT COORDINATORS

Tommaso Fabbri, Full Professor of Business Organization at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia since January 2018, Director of the Marco Biagi Department of Economics since 2019, Deputy Director of the E4E Doctoral School (Engineering for Economics - Economics for Engineering), scientific coordinator at the Marco Biagi Foundation and faculty member of the Master’s in Organization & Human Resource Management at the Bologna Business School. Recent publications: (2018): Digital Work: an organizational perspective, and DigitAgile: The Office in a Mobile Device. Threats and Opportunities for Workers and Companies (with R. Albano, S. Bertolini, T. Parisi, Y. Curzi), in Ales, E., Curzi, Y., Fabbri, T., Rymkevich, O., Senatori, I ., Solinas, G. (Eds), Working in Digital and Smart Organizations - Legal, Economic and Organizational Perspectives on the Digitalization of Labor Relations, Palgrave Macmillan; Enterprise 4.0: a big game for a (digital & data-driven) HR Manager (with A. Scapolan), and Work autonomy, discretion and control in Industry 4.0 (with Albano and Curzi) in F. Cantoni, G. Mangia (Eds ), HR and Innovation 4.0: Big Match or Pacific Game, Routledge.

Iacopo Senatori, Labour Law Researcher at the Marco Biagi Foundation (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia). Project coordinator of the legal area in the PhD programme in Labour, Development and Innovation of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia. He holds a PhD in Labour Law and Industrial Relations from the University of Bologna. His main areas of study are the collective representation of workers, collective bargaining, information and consultation rights, corporate welfare and the legal and regulatory implications of work transformations. He is the author of a monograph and numerous papers, notes and comments on labour law and industrial relations, in national and international journals and volumes. Speaker at seminars and conferences in Italy and abroad. He teaches Labour Law at the School of Political Sciences of the University of Bologna and Comparative Industrial Relations at the Bologna Business School.

Engineering economics and financial innovation

The research projects in this area are aimed at creating evaluation models relating to investment and financial management and the analysis of innovative products and processes in social and sustainable finance and crowdfunding. In particular, financial modelling and financial reporting systems are designed and the costs and benefits of engineering and industrial decisions and of management actions aimed at creating value are analyzed from an economic and financial point of view, in terms of social impact and ecological sustainability. Value drivers are identified and their impact on value and the various types of risk (operational, financial, reputational) is measured. Decision-making criteria (in an ex ante perspective) and investment performance measures (in an ex post perspective) are developed. Innovative methods of responding to complex financial needs and financing of entrepreneurship are examined, and the opportunities inherent in equity crowdfunding are assessed.

In this research area, the topics of interest include:

  • financial modelling and reporting design for engineering and industrial projects, and management decision-making.
  • analysis of the overall sustainability of a project / decision (economic-financial, and social)
  • models and metrics for measuring created value, social value and the social impact of innovation and investment
  • analysis of sources of uncertainty; determination of value drivers and impact measurement of value creation
  • ex post auditing, analysis of deviations, determination of causal deviation factors
  • analysis of the logical robustness and internal consistency of financial models
  • production of measures and evaluation and decision-making criteria (relative and absolute)
  • financial innovation and innovative financial schemes to meet complex financial needs and finance entrepreneurship
  • digital transformation, financial platform and banking ecosystems (business models of banking groups)
  • analysis of equity crowdfunding, value drivers and best practices
  • social and sustainable finance, social lending. 

 

Project coordinators: Prof. Andrea Landi, Prof. Carlo Alberto Magni and Prof. Costanza Torricelli

Working group: Prof. Andrea Landi (Economics of financial intermediaries), Prof. Carlo Alberto Magni (Mathematical methods of economics and actuarial and financial sciences), Prof. Costanza Torricelli (Mathematical methods of economics and actuarial and financial sciences), Prof. Stefano Cosma (Economics of financial intermediaries), Dr Andrea Marchioni (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation), Dr Davide Baschieri (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation), Dr Daniela Penneta (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation), Dr Beatrice Bertelli (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation), Dr Dario Vezzali (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation) and Dr Giorgio Zucchi (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation).

SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF PROJECT COORDINATORS

Andrea Landi, Full Professor of Economics of Financial Intermediaries, at the Marco Biagi Department of Economics Marco Biagi at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, where he teaches Economics of financial intermediaries, and Corporate & Investment Banking, and is responsible for the postgraduate course on the management of corporate finance. Member of: European Association of University Teachers in Banking and Finance, Center for Banking and Finance Studies (CEFIN) Unimore, Council of the Italian Association of Teachers of Economics of Intermediaries and Financial Markets, Board of Prometeia Advisory Sim, Scientific Committee of Prometeia Association for Economic Forecasting, ASTER Scientific Committee, Consortium for Innovation and Technology Transfer of Emilia-Romagna. Research areas: corporate finance and banking management and other types of financial intermediaries. The research activity has resulted in the production of numerous papers published in leading journals in the banking-financial area.

Carlo Alberto Magni, Associate Professor at the Marco Biagi Department of Economics where he teaches general and financial mathematics and principles and models for management decision-making. He also teaches Engineering Economics and Financial Management on the PhD programme on Labour, Development and Innovation. His research areas include engineering economics, corporate finance, managerial finance, financial management, management accounting, financial mathematics. He has written more than 100 articles and published in leading journals, including the European Journal of Operational Research, International Journal of Production Economics, Quantitative Finance, Journal of Mathematical Economics, The Engineering Economist, European Accounting Review, Theory and Decision, Managerial Finance, Economic Modeling, Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Mathematics and Financial Economics, International Journal of Information Technology and Decision-Making, Fuzzy Sets and Systems.

Costanza Torricelli, Full Professor of Mathematical Methods of Economics and Actuarial and Financial Sciences at the Marco Biagi Department of Economics, where she is part of the Centre for Research on Banking and Finance (Cefin). She is an associate researcher at the Centre for Research on Pensions and Welfare Policies (CeRP) in Turin. She teaches Risk Management on the master's programme in Analysis, Consultancy and Financial Management, and Models for financial investments in the Economics and Finance degree course at the Marco Biagi Department of Economics. She has taught on finance topics at the Universities of Bergamo, Brescia, Udine, Karlsruhe (Germany) and Cambridge (UK). Her research interests include financial economics, with attention to risk management and household finance issues. She has been responsible for numerous research projects on these topics, and serves as peer reviewer for a number of international journals and is on the Editorial Board of the economic policy journal, Il Mulino. She has published numerous papers in international scientific journals, including the Journal of Banking and Finance, Journal of Financial Services Research, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Review of Economics of the Household, Review of Income and Wealth, European Journal of Operational Research, Applied Economics, Applied Financial Economics, and Annals of Finance.

Business Ethics and Sustainability

In this research area, the topics include:

  • Corporate Social Responsibility;
  • Sustainable Finance and non-financial disclosure;
  • Social Certification and other conditionality tools (Benefit Corporation; Innovative Startups with a Social Vocation; Social Reporting, Gender Equity, Sustainability),
  • Application of the 17 Sustainable Development Goal objectives in companies, Socio-environmental sustainability of the production chains (e.g. agri-food sector; dealing with the phenomenon of caporalato / illegal gangmasters);
  • the fair distribution of value within supply chains;
  • Social Entrepreneurship, Quantitative methods applied to corporate sustainability;
  • Analysis of case studies.

 

Project coordinator: Prof. Ulpiana Kocollari (Business Administration)

Working group: Prof. Andrea Landi (Economics of Financial Intermediation), Prof. Stefano Cosma (Finance), Prof. Tindara Addabbo (Labour Economics), Prof. Ylenia Curzi (Organization and Human Resources), Dr Maddalena Cavicchioli (Economic Statistics), Prof. Enrico Giovannetti (Applied Economics), Prof. Francesco Basenghi (Labour Law), Prof. Simone Scagliarini (Public Law), Dr Iacopo Senatori (Labour Law and Industrial Relations), Dr Alberto Russo (Labour lLw), Dr Markus Cappello (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation), Dr Livia Di Stefano (post-doctoral researcher in Labour Law), Dr Eleonora Costantini (post-doctoral researcher in Economics)

External faculty: Prof. James Hagen (Hamline University), Prof. Piera Campanella (University of Urbino)

SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF PROJECT COORDINATORS

Ulpiana Kocollari, Associate Professor in Business Economics at the Marco Biagi Department of Economics. Lecturer in Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility, and Strategy for the Sustainable Development of Companies. Her research interests include the measurement, management and communication of corporate sustainability, along deal with topics such as the social dimension of the enterprise and its measurement (Kocollari U., Strategic Corporate Responsibility. The Social Dimension of Firms, New York, Routledge, 2018), social innovation and social entrepreneurship (Balboni B., Kocollari U., Pais I., Crowdfunding for social enterprises: An exploratory analysis of the Italian context, Emerlad, 2016). She has taken part in numerous research projects at national and international level and has collaborated for several years with the Institute Corporate Responsibility Management, Steinbeis University, Berlin, Germany.

Health, disability, work and care

The interdependence between health, work and economic performance emerges strongly during all moments of crisis, be it health or economic crises. The Covid pandemic as well as the Great Recession have led to a contraction of production in many sectors, a transformation in the organization of work, a reduction in jobs in particular for women and other categories of fragile workers. These economic and / or health tensions are followed by social and family tensions with consequent impacts on health. Think of the role that the pandemic has played on the physical and mental health of individuals and how this has repercussions on their ability to work; how emergency teleworking has had repercussions on the work life balance of individuals, their health and family well-being. Deep recessions also impact health by inducing anomalous increases in mortality from cardiovascular diseases and an increase in social tensions with an increase in homicides. However, these moments of crisis are also useful to remember that health is a right, as is work, equal opportunities, social and work inclusion, the well-being of individuals. This multidisciplinary area of research deals with the intertwining of work and health and economic, social and legislative interventions in favor of workers and families.

In this perspective, the following issues are of interest:

  • Digital, agile and flexible work: the implications on health, quality of work and work-life balance
  • Working remotely: segregation or well-being?
  • Agile, digital work and quality of work in the public sector
  • Agile workers, working time and the right to disconnect
  • Reasonable accommodation, inclusion and job placement of vulnerable workers
  • Mental health and social security
  • Safety, prevention and accident prevention in remote work
  • Organizational well-being, work-life balance and models for the legal and organizational regulation of employment relationships
  • Sexual and reproductive health, female employment and fertility
  • Health, disability and care. A gender perspective
  • Long term caregiving and health: impact on work and policy proposals
  • Gender and health differences in family caregivers
  • Health of the population and trend of the economic cycle
  • Healthcare big data management models

Project coordinators: Prof. Tindara Addabbo, Prof. Ylenia Curzi and Prof. Barbara Pistoresi

Working group: Prof. Tommaso Fabbri (Work Organization), Prof. Ylenia Curzi (Organization and Human Resources), Prof. Claudia Canali (Engineering), Dr Maddalena Cavicchioli (Economic Statistics), Dr Iacopo Senatori (Labour Law and Industrial Relations), Dr Olga Rymkevich (Labour Law), Dr Giorgio Mattei (Psychiatry and PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation), Dr Elena Sarti (post-doctoral researcher in Labour Economics), Prof. Susan Bisom-Rapp

SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF  PROJECT COORDINATORS

Tindara Addabbo, Full professor in Economic Policy at DEMB-Unimore, Ph.d in Economics at the European University Institute Florence and M.Sc. London School of Economics. Member of the Academic Advisory Board of the Marco Biagi Foundation. Projects underway in the area: Work-related stress (with Elena Sarti, Domenico Piccolo and Stefania Capecchi); Health, behaviour disorders and recession (with Barbara Pistoresi, Giorgio Mattei, Elena Sarti and Francesco Starace); Health care (with Barbara Pistoresi and Giorgio Mattei), Extension of working life and health in a gender perspective (with Patricia Carney), Disability and access to work (with Elena Sarti). She is co-author of a number of papers published in national and international journals, including PLoS ONE, the International Journal of Social Sciences, International Journal of Social Psychiatry, Experimental Journal of Freniatria

Ylenia Curzi, Associate Professor of Business Organization at the Marco Biagi Department of Economics, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia where she lectures on organization theory in English (master's degree in International Management and Labor Relations). She holds a PhD in Business Sciences from the University of Udine and is a visiting scholar at the Cardiff Business School (UK). Her main research interests concern organizational well-being, work-life balance, organizational regulation and digitization of work, management and evaluation of work performance

Barbara Pistoresi, Associate Professor of Political Economy at the Marco Biagi Department of Economics. Member of the Doctoral Research Council in Labour, Development and Innovation. Research areas: time series analysis, applied econometrics, health economics. Projects underway: Smartworking: stress and job satisfaction (with Ylenia Curzi and Tommaso Fabbri); Health, behaviour disorders and recession (with Tindara Addabbo and Giorgio Mattei); Mortality, life expectancy and economic development (with Maddalena Cavicchioli); Healthcare (with Tindara Addabbo and Giorgio Mattei). She is co-author of numerous papers published in leading international journals including: The European Journal of Health Economics, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

Gender Inequality in Education in the STEM Subjects and Effects on Access to the Digital Economy

This research strand aims to analyze gender inequalities in education and training in the STEM subjects and their effects on participation in the digital economy.

In this research area, the topics of interest include:

  • Determinants of gender inequalities in the STEM subjects with particular attention to the ICT area through the application of econometric models to the available data, such as the OECD Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) database, to identify individual, family, social, and teaching methodology factors impacting on the gender divide;
  • Evaluation of policies and actions undertaken at national and international level to develop the participation of women in STEM subjects & ICT;
  • Gender inequalities in professions in the STEM subjects & ICT.

 

Project coordinators: Prof. Tindara Addabbo (Labour Economics) and Prof. Claudia Canali (Engineering)

Working group: Prof. Anzelika Zaiceva (Economic Policy), Prof. Marina Murat (Political Economy), Dr Maddalena Davoli (PhD candidate J.W. Goethe-Universität Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany), Prof. Alberto Rinaldi (Economic and Labour History), Prof. Andrea Giuntini (Economic and Labour History), Prof. Barbara Pistoresi (Political Economy), Prof. Susan Bisom-Rapp (Thomas Jefferson School of Law), Federica Pillo (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation), Dr. Chiara Tasselli (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation)

SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF PROJECT COORDINATORS

Tindara Addabbo, Full professor in Economic Policy at DEMB-Unimore, Ph.d in Economics at the European University Institute Florence and M.Sc. London School of Economics. Member of the Centre for the Analysis of Public Policy; Ciret (Ezio Tarantelli Interuniversity Research Center) and CRID (Interdepartmental Research Center on Discrimination and Vulnerability - University of Modena and Reggio Emilia). Her research interests include the gender impact of public and social policies, the measurement of well-being, employment and wage discrimination, education, and labour market transformations. Recent publications: "Is there an immigrant-gender gap in education? An empirical investigation based on PISA data from Italy "(co-authors: M. Davoli and M. Murat), DEMB Working Paper series, 124, 2018; 'Education capability: a focus on gender and science', (co-authors: M.L. Di Tommaso & A. Maccagnan), Social Indicators Research; 'Gender differences in Italian children’s capabilities' (co-authors M.L. Di Tommaso & A. Maccagnan) Feminist Economics, 2014.

Claudia Canali, Associate Professor at the Enzo Ferrari Department of Engineering (DIEF). University of Modena and Reggio Emilia coordinator for the HORIZON 2020 project EQUAL-IST "Gender Equality Plans for Information Sciences and Technology Research Institutions" and organizer of the Digital Girls summer camp (www.ragazzedigitali.it) to bring girls closer to computer science. Member of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia Equal Opportunities Commission (CUG), of the CRID (Interdepartmental Research Center on Discrimination and Vulnerability) of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia and member of the national CRUI group on Gender Balance. Recent publications: "A Best Practice for Attracting Female Students to Enrol in ICT Studies", Second International Conference on Gender Research (ICGR 2019); "Negotiating Gender Equality Policies in IST-ICT Research Institutions: Reflections from the Participatory Audit to Design of Gender Equality Plans in the EQUAL-IST Project", First International Conference on Gender Research (ICGR 2018); "Gender Equality in Tertiary Education and Research Institutions: An Evaluation Proposal", First International Conference on Gender Research (ICGR 2018).

Free movement and protection of personal data in digital era

Changes relating to digitalization are central to the development of an economy based on the possession and free circulation of data, where employment and life outside the world of work are in the process of transformation. In this connection, the content and forms of protection of rights, from those of a traditional nature to emerging rights, are subject to change, giving rise to the need for new and diversified provisions by the legislator, both European and national, including in particular those aimed at promoting adequate measures to ensure the protection of personal data.

This research strand aims in an interdisciplinary perspective to analyze the impact of the use and circulation of data and the main rules and measures, including technical measures, for protecting privacy in the organization of public and private activities.

In this perspective, the following issues are examined:

  • management of privacy in the employment relationship, video surveillance and worker control;
  • safeguards and effectiveness of the right to privacy in the context of smart cities and the Internet of Things (IoT);
  • privacy and protection of personal data in medical and scientific research;
  • digitalization of the public administration, administrative transparency and confidentiality;
  • Automated Decision Making and data protection;
  • use of big data in the public and private sectors;
  • open data and reuse of public data;
  • privacy and cyber security

Project coordinators: Prof. Simone Scagliarini, Prof. Alberto Levi

Working group: Prof. Claudia Canali (Computer Engineering); Prof. Tommaso Fabbri (Work Organization); Prof. Alberto Levi (Labour Law); Prof. Marta Otto (Labour Law); Prof. Roberto Pinardi (Public Law); Prof. Simone Scagliarini (Public Law); Dr. Noemi Miniscalco (Research Fellow in Public Law); Dr. Rolando Poggi (PhD student in Work, Development and Innovation); Dr. Ilaria Del Giglio (PhD student in Work, Development and Innovation); dr. Veronica Palladini (PhD student in Work, Development and Innovation).

SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF THE PROEJCT COORDINATORS

Simone Scagliarini, Associate Professor of Public Law Institutions at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia and Deputy Director of the Marco Biagi Department of Economics. Coordinator of the Privacy Observatory at the Marco Biagi Foundation. His publications include several essays and case notes on the subject of personal data protection, including a monographic work on confidentiality and its limits (Rome, 2013). He is a member of the Academic Council of the Smart City 4.0 Sustainable Lab inter-university project and coordinator of the work table on the ethical and legal aspects of the MASA - Modena Automotive Smart Area project. He is also a member of the CRID (Interdepartmental Research Center on Discrimination and Vulnerability) of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia and in particular of the IT Workshop on Law, Ethics, and Technologies.

Alberto Levi, Full Professor of Labour Law at the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, and President of the Commission for the certification of employment contracts at the Marco Biagi Foundation. He is President of the master's degree programme in Labour Relations and author of numerous publications, including a monographic work on computer monitoring of worker activity (Turin 2013).

Socioeconomic Impact of Pandemics and recovery strategies

The research area regards the socio-economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and recovery strategies from an interdisciplinary perspective. The impact on the different dimensions of well-being, at work is analysed, with particular attention to agile and self-employed work and the deepening of gender inequalities in the labor market. A specific focus will be introduced on the socio-economic impact of the pandemic and on the prospects for recovery in the Emilia-Romagna Region.

A few months after the outbreak of the pandemic, a dense literature emerged on its effects on industrial structures and local production systems both in developed areas and in emerging countries. There will be a contraction of world trade of significant size in the short term (made more serious by the trade policies of the USA and China). A possible rearrangement of global value chains will add to this trend, with cascading effects also on regional economies. It is not clear to date whether the outcome is to bring out bottlenecks in the supply chains or translate into a reshoring process and a regionalization of internationally articulated value chains. Both outcomes will have effects on employment levels, working conditions and on the demand for skills in local systems.

Besides, measures taken by governments to control the spread of the virus, such as lockdowns or prioritizing telework, are exacerbating gender inequalities in paid and unpaid labour and financial security, as well as other inequalities associated to education and age. The recession is also likely to affect women’s job prospects more than men’s due to the existing gender imbalances across different jobs in the economy. Firstly, men are more likely to work in what are considered essential economic activities, so they are more protected from unemployment. Secondly, the COVID-19 crisis has hit many services that involve frequent contact with customers and clients, which are female dominated.

The research lines can be summarized in:

  • Economy and work in Emilia Romagna: socio-economic impact of the pandemic and prospects for recovery
  • Analysis of local public policies and services and proposal of a system of context, output and outcome indicators
  • Pandemic, economic crisis and health. The role of welfare and labor policies
  • Covid pandemic, economic crises and population health. The role of welfare and labour policies.
  • The effects induced by the pandemic on the industrial structure, on the value chains, and on work with particular reference to regional economies and local production systems
  • Self-employment after the pandemic between social vulnerability and new protection tools
  • Agile work, telework and digitalization of work processes in the post-emergency
  • Gendered impacts of the pandemic and the economic crisis
  • Impact of digitization on public services and active policies for the labor market after Covid-19
  • Income support and public welfare measures after Covid-19

Project coordinators: Prof. Tindara Addabbo, Prof. Tommaso Fabbri, Prof. Barbara Pistoresi, Prof. Iacopo Senatori, Prof. Giovanni Solinas

Working group: Prof. Tindara Addabbo, Prof. Edoardo Ales, Prof. Claudia Canali, Dr. Eleonora Costantini, Prof. Ylenia Curzi, Prof. Tommaso Fabbri, Dr. Chiara Gaglione, Dr. Ilaria Del Giglio, Prof. Alberto Levi, Dr. Valeria Martinelli, Dr. Andreea Piriu, Prof. Barbara Pistoresi, Dr. Ilaria Purificato, Dr. Iacopo Senatori, Prof. Chiara Strozzi, Prof. Paula Rodriguez-Modroño, Prof. Susan Bisom-Rapp, Prof. Alberto Rinardi, Dr. Filippo Damiani, Prof. Ajay Mehra, Dr. Luca Bonacini, Dr.Stefano Boscolo, Dr.Giorgio Mattei

SHORT BIO OF THE PROJECT COORDINATORS

Tindara Addabbo: Full professor in Economic Policy at DEMB-Unimore, Ph.d in Economics at the European University Institute Florence and M.Sc. London School of Economics. She is member of CAPP (Centre for the Analysis of Public Policies), Ciret (Centro di Ricerca Interuniversitario "Ezio Tarantelli"), CRID (Interdepartmental Research Centre on Discrimination and Vulnerability - UNIMORE), Scientific Committee of Fondazione Marco Biagi, European Gender Budgeting Network. She is Coordinator of the Doctoral Research Course in Labour, Development and Innovation Department of Economics Marco Biagi and Fondazione Marco Biagi, UNIMORE. She publishes in the areas of the gender impact of public and social policies, measurement of well-being in the capability approach, employment and wage discrimination by gender, income distribution and quality of work. Amongst topic related publications: Tindara Addabbo, Elisabeth Klatzer, Christa Schlager, Paola Villa, Paloma de Villota (2018) ‘Challenges of Austerity and Retrenchment of Gender Equality’, Ch.4 In: O'Hagan A., Klatzer E. (eds) Gender Budgeting in Europe. Developments and Challenges. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham; Tindara Addabbo, Elena Sarti, Fabrizio Starace, Francesco Mungai (2017) "Self-reported unemployment status and recession: An analysis on the Italian population with and without mental health problems", PLoS ONE 12(4), 2017; Tindara Addabbo, Amélia Bastos, Sara Falcão Casaca, Nata Duvvury, Áine Ní Léime (2015) 'Gender and labour in times of austerity: Ireland, Italy and Portugal in comparative perspective', International Labour Review, 154(4): 449-473, (2015).

Tommaso Fabbri: Full Professor of Business Organization at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia since January 2018, Director of the Marco Biagi Department of Economics since 2019, Deputy Director of the E4E Doctoral School (Engineering for Economics - Economics for Engineering), scientific coordinator at the Marco Biagi Foundation and faculty member of the Master’s in Organization & Human Resource Management at the Bologna Business School. Recent publications: (2018): Digital Work: an organizational perspective, and DigitAgile: The Office in a Mobile Device. Threats and Opportunities for Workers and Companies (with R. Albano, S. Bertolini, T. Parisi, Y. Curzi), in Ales, E., Curzi, Y., Fabbri, T., Rymkevich, O., Senatori, I ., Solinas, G. (Eds), Working in Digital and Smart Organizations - Legal, Economic and Organizational Perspectives on the Digitalization of Labor Relations, Palgrave Macmillan; Enterprise 4.0: a big game for a (digital & data-driven) HR Manager (with A. Scapolan), and Work autonomy, discretion and control in Industry 4.0 (with Albano and Curzi) in F. Cantoni, G. Mangia (Eds ), HR and Innovation 4.0: Big Match or Pacific Game, Routledge.

Barbara Pistoresi: Associate Professor of Political Economy at the Marco Biagi Department of Economics. Member of the Doctoral Research Council in Labour, Development and Innovation. Research areas: time series analysis, applied econometrics, health economics. Projects underway: Smartworking: stress and job satisfaction (with Ylenia Curzi and Tommaso Fabbri); Health, behaviour disorders and recession (with Tindara Addabbo and Giorgio Mattei); Mortality, life expectancy and economic development (with Maddalena Cavicchioli); Healthcare (with Tindara Addabbo and Giorgio Mattei). She is co-author of numerous papers published in leading international journals including: The European Journal of Health Economics, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.

Iacopo Senatori: Labour Law Researcher at the Marco Biagi Foundation (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia). Project coordinator of the legal area in the PhD programme in Labour, Development and Innovation of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia. He holds a PhD in Labour Law and Industrial Relations from the University of Bologna. His main areas of study are the collective representation of workers, collective bargaining, information and consultation rights, corporate welfare and the legal and regulatory implications of work transformations. He is the author of a monograph and numerous papers, notes and comments on labour law and industrial relations, in national and international journals and volumes. Speaker at seminars and conferences in Italy and abroad. He teaches Labour Law at the School of Political Sciences of the University of Bologna and Comparative Industrial Relations at the Bologna Business School.

Giovanni Solinas: Full Professor of Economic Policy. Director of the EmiliaLab Inter-University Centre (Universities of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio Emilia and Parma, (2014-2017). Vice-President of the National Conference of Directors of the Economic Area (2017-2018). Member of the Research Centres: EmiliaLab and CAPP (Center for the Analysis of Public Policies, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia) Director of the COME (Competences for Manufacturing in Emilia-Romagna) inter-university project proposed by the Departments of Economics of Modena, Reggio Emilia, Parma and Ferrara, through the Centro Interateneo EmiliaLab and funded in July 2017 (Three-year Advanced Skills Plan for research, technology transfer and entrepreneurship). Contact person for the Brodolini Foundation of the survey of vocational training in Italy. Research areas: Industrial Economics, Labour Economics, Policy Evaluation Among his most recent publications with Ales, E., Curzi, Y., Fabbri, T., Rymkevich, O., Senatori, I., (Eds), Working in Digital and Smart Organizations - Legal, Economic and Organizational Perspectives on the Digitalization of Labor Relations, Palgrave Macmillan.

Composite Indicators, Machine Learning and Big Data

The research projects in this area are aimed at combining big data, machine learning, econometric tools, and decision support systems for the construction of Composite Indicators with applications to social sciences.

Composite Indicators are increasingly recognized as a useful tool in policy analysis and are found in many application domains, ranging from the measurement of financial stress and economic uncertainty, to competitiveness, innovation, ranking of institutions in terms of quality of work, policies and inclusion, measurement of well-being, environmental quality and others.

Multi-indicator systems come into play when we want to measure a phenomenon on the basis of relevant features or rank a set of alternatives on the basis of multiple criteria.

A wide range of tools and techniques are of interest:

  • The use of high-dimensional datasets: BIG DATA
  • Machine learning techniques for the identification of a subsets of most relevant features and for forecasting such as PCA,  SVM, RIDGE regression, LASSO, Elastic net, Bagging, Boosting and Random Forest, among the others
  • Multi-criteria decision making
  • Composite indicators based on the OECD Handbook on Constructing Composite Indicators (OECD, 2008))
  • Fuzzy rule-based systems
  • TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarities to the Ideal Solution)
  • The partially ordered set (poset)
  • Methods based on eXplainable Artificial Intelligence

PI: Prof. Silvia Muzzioli (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia)

 

Faculty members: Prof. Bernard De Baets (Ghent University, expert in machine learning and multi-indicator systems), Prof. Alberto Fernandez (University of Granada, expert of big data), Prof. Mario Forni (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, expert in Econometrics), Prof. Tindara Addabbo (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia expert in Labour Economics and measurement of well being).

 

Working group: Dr Luca Gambarelli (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation), Dr Filippo Damiani (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation), Dr Filippo Ferrarini (PhD candidate in Labour, Development and Innovation), Dr. Giovanni Campisi (research fellow, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia)

 

SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF PROJECT COORDINATOR

Silvia Muzzioli is Associate Professor in Mathematical Finance and Deputy Head of Research at the Department of Economics Marco Biagi of UNIMORE. She is and was PI in several national and international projects in the fields of risk assessment and transmission. She is member of the Editorial Board of the journal Fuzzy Sets and Systems and Associate Editor of the Multinational Finance Journal. Her research skills and interests include Multi-Indicator Systems, Risk management, Asset pricing, Fuzzy sets and systems, Financial Econometrics, Machine learning and Big data

The doctoral research programme includes the following disciplinary domains:

Labour, Development and Innovation

  • Commercial and labour law (Ius/07)
  • Constitutional and ecclesiastical law (Ius/09)
  • Music, theatre, cinema, television and audiovisual media (l-Art /06)
  • English and Anglo-American studies (L-Lin/12)
  • Economics (Secs-P/01)
  • Economics (Secs-P/02)
  • Economics (Secs-P/03)
  • Economics (Secs-P/05)
  • Business economics (Secs-P/07)
  • Business economics (Secs-P/08)
  • Business administration (Secs-P/10)
  • Economic history (Secs-P/12)
  • Statistics and mathematical methods for decision-making (Secs-S/06)

Industry 4.0

  • Computer engineering (Ing-inf /05)
  • Constitutional and ecclesiastical law (Ius/09)
  • Economics (Secs-P/01)
  • Business economics (Secs-P/08)
  • Business administration (Secs-P/10)
  • Business administration (Secs-P/11)
  • Statistics and mathematical methods for decision-making (Secs-S/06)
  • Economic history (Secs-P/12)
  • Commercial and labour law (Ius/07)