Progetto di ricerca
Labour mobility in Europe: the role of skills, and attitudes towards them.
Labour mobility is enshrined in Article 45 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).
The principle lies therefore at the hearth of the EU and is a key element in the development of the European labour markets. It should provide EU citizens with the possibility to find jobs and to work in other countries where there are labour shortages or more employment opportunities, ultimately contributing to the reduction of skills and job mismatches. Mobility in Europe is often intertwined with other migration flows, involving third countries. The research investigates the role of skills in these flows and the determinants of attitudes towards migration and mobility thanks to the Eurostat population and migration statistics, the Labour Force Survey (LFS), the Adult Education Survey (AES), and the European Social Survey (ESS) database in EU and selected countries, one for each of the five main world of welfare capitalism in Europe: Germany, Czechia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
The first two sources (Eurostat population and migration statistics and LFS) allows to gauge the macro aspects of mobility and migration in EU, in relation to natives: the share of foreigners in the different Member States, their recent evolution, the different employment rate, the education level, their skillset, and their income levels.
The third source (AES) would allow to investigate the mobility of workers and training in Europe: What is the added value of training policies? Do such schemes improve the employment potential of the beneficiaries? Do these effects differ between immigrants and natives? Do immigrants with the same observable characteristics as natives benefit more or less from these schemes? Is there an “immigrant penalty”?
The last source (ESS) contains a module on immigration, which allows to distinguish among the different groups of foreigners, and contains several information on the perceived effect mobility and migration have on the economy, the crime situation, and the welfare state. Thanks to this, the research aims at investigating which are the main drivers leading to attitudes towards migrants, both in isolation (for year 2014, when the ESS has the latest module on immigration), and along time (with a comparison to 2004, where another module on migration was included).
Interessi di ricerca e pubblicazioni
S. Rosini et al. (2019), “Employment and Social Developments in Europe”, European Commission. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=738&langId=en&pubId=8219
S. Rosini, A. Vergani, (2018), “The changing nature and role of vocational education and training in Europe: case study on Italy” CEDEFOP – External factors influencing VET – Understanding the National Policy. Available at: http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/files/italy_cedefop_changing_nature_of_vet_-_case_study.pdf
S. Rosini, (2018), “Future of manufacturing – Car assemblers: Occupational report” Eurofound. Available at: https://euagenda.eu/upload/publications/untitled-178344-ea.pdf M.E. Hansen, S. Rosini, (2018), “Future of manufacturing – Handpackers: Occupational report” Eurofound. Available at: https://euagenda.eu/upload/publications/untitled-178346-ea.pdf
S. Rosini et al. (2018), “Employment and Social Developments in Europe”, European Commission. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?langId=en&catId=89&newsId=9150&furtherNews=yes
G. Dente, S. Rosini “CFPIL (Centro di Formazione Professionale e Inserimento Lavorativo) – A work-based learning centre for people with disabilities in Italy”, 2017, in Making Inclusion Work report – Reaching disenfranchised groups through work-based learning.
G. Ciccarone, G. Dente, S. Rosini, 2016, “Labour Market and Social Policy in Italy: Challenges and Changes”, Bertelsmann Foundation. Available at: http://www.social-inclusion-monitor.eu/uploads/tx_itao_download/EZ_Policy_Brief_SIM_Europe_IT_02_2016_ENG_01.pdf
B. de Micheli, S. Rosini, K. Schöneberg, E. Voss, 2016 “EU-level Funds and financial instruments for education and training and the role of social partner”, ETUC-CEEP-EFEE-ETUCE. Available at: http://www.ceep.eu/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/EU-Investment-in-Education-and-Training.pdf
European Commission, 2015, “Labour Market and Wage Developments in Europe 2015”. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=738&langId=en&pubId=7811&furtherPubs=yes